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The Majority of K-12 Public Schools Offer Academically Focused Summer and After-School Programs

NCES data show large majorities of instructional staff were full-time teachers

WASHINGTON, Nov. 8, 2023 /PRNewswire/ -- Seventy-eight percent of U.S. public schools provided summer programming in 2023 designed to help students academically, according to data released today by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), the statistical center within the U.S. Department of Education's Institute of Education Sciences (IES).

In addition, 64 percent of public schools are providing after-school programs with an academic focus in the 2023-24 school year. Full-time teachers worked in these academic assistance or enrichment programs in the vast majority of schools.

Student participation nationwide was about 15 percent for academically oriented summer programs in 2023, the data show. On average across all schools, it is anticipated that about 13 percent of public school students would participate in academically oriented after-school programs in the 2023-24 school year.

"The new data tell an important story about the additional opportunities available to help students beyond the school day, especially at a time when academic recovery from the pandemic remains a top concern," said NCES Commissioner Peggy G. Carr. "We are grateful to public school leaders that allow NCES to provide timely insights in the availability of summer and afterschool opportunities."

The NCES data on academically focused summer programs includes summer school, learning and enrichment (L&E), bridge, and other summer programs. The participation rates were slightly higher for city schools (18 percent of students) and schools serving mainly students of color (19 percent).

Opportunity and cost did not appear to be widespread obstacles to students' participation in these academically focused summer programs. About three quarters of public schools that offered such programs said they were able to provide programming to most or all students who needed or wanted to participate. The majority of public schools that offered these programs did so at no cost to families.

These new data from the School Pulse Panel (SPP) also shed light on after-school programming this academic year at public schools nationwide. These opportunities are especially prevalent for schools in high-poverty neighborhoods (73 percent), in schools with 1,000 or more students (75 percent), and for those serving a large share of students of color (75 percent).

Most public schools offering academic assistance or enrichment programs in an after-school setting had full-time teachers working in these programs (90 percent and 80 percent, respectively).

These new data also provide insights on the frequency of after-school and summer programs each week, as well as the funding sources used to support the programs. (See "Key Findings" section below for details.)

The findings released today are part of an experimental data product from the School Pulse Panel, NCES's innovative approach to delivering timely information regarding the pandemic's impact on public K-12 schools in the U.S. The data, collected between September 12 and September 26 of this year, came from 1,442 participating public K-12 schools from every state and the District of Columbia.

Additional data collected from 98 public K-12 schools in the U.S. Outlying Areas (OA) ? American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, and the U.S. Virgin Islands ? are also available. Results from this collection include the finding that 62 percent of OA public schools provided summer programming in 2023 designed to help students academically.

Experimental data products are innovative statistical tools created using new data sources or methodologies. Experimental data may not meet all of NCES's quality standards but are of sufficient benefit to data users in the absence of other relevant products to justify release. NCES clearly identifies experimental data products upon their release.

All data released today can be found on the School Pulse Panel dashboard at https://nces.ed.gov/surveys/spp/results.asp.

Key Findings

Summer Programs for Summer 2023

After-School Programs for 2023-24 School Year

The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, is the statistical center of the U.S. Department of Education and the primary federal entity for collecting and analyzing data related to education in the U.S. and other nations. NCES fulfills a congressional mandate to collect, collate, analyze, and report complete statistics on the condition and progress of American education; conduct and publish reports; and review and report on education activities internationally.

Follow NCES on X (formerly Twitter), Facebook, LinkedIn, and YouTube and subscribe to the NCES Newsflash to receive email notifications when new data are released.

The Institute of Education Sciences (IES) is the independent and nonpartisan statistics, research, and evaluation arm of the U.S. Department of Education. Its mission is to provide scientific evidence on which to ground education practice and policy and to share this information in formats that are useful and accessible to educators, parents, policymakers, researchers, and the public.

Josh De La Rosa, National Center for Education Statistics, [email protected]
Erik Robelen, Hager Sharp, [email protected]

SOURCE National Center for Education Statistics

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