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Classified in: Science and technology, Business, Covid-19 virus
Subjects: EARNINGS, Conference Call, Webcast, Advisory

Zendesk Announces Third Quarter 2020 Results


Zendesk, Inc. (NYSE: ZEN) today reported financial results for the third quarter ended September 30, 2020, and released a Shareholder Letter on its investor relations website at https://investor.zendesk.com.

Results for the Third Quarter 2020

Revenue was $261.9 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2020, an increase of 24% over the prior year period. GAAP net loss for the quarter ended September 30, 2020 was $40.7 million, and GAAP net loss per share (basic and diluted) was $0.35. Non-GAAP net income was $21.1 million, and non-GAAP net income was $0.18 per share (basic) and $0.17 per share (diluted). Non-GAAP net income excludes approximately $49.0 million in share-based compensation and related expenses (including $2.3 million of employer tax related to employee stock transactions and $0.5 million of amortization of share-based compensation capitalized in internal-use software), $12.2 million of amortization of debt discount and issuance costs, $2.2 million of amortization of purchased intangibles, $2.0 million of acquisition-related expenses, and non-GAAP income tax effects and adjustments of $3.6 million. GAAP net loss per share for the quarter ended September 30, 2020 was based on 115.8 million weighted average shares outstanding (basic and diluted), and non-GAAP net income per share for the quarter ended September 30, 2020 was based on 115.8 million weighted average shares outstanding (basic) and 121.4 million weighted average shares outstanding (diluted).

Outlook

As of October 29, 2020, Zendesk provided guidance for the quarter and full year ending December 31, 2020.

For the quarter ending December 31, 2020, Zendesk expects to report:

For the full year ending December 31, 2020, Zendesk expects to report:

In the fourth quarter of 2020, we concluded that we will no longer occupy two of our leased office buildings in San Francisco. As a result, we estimate that before March 31, 2021, we expect to record an impairment charge of approximately $13 - 17 million related to these lease assets, which will impact our GAAP operating income. Additionally, we estimate that before March 31, 2021, we may accelerate remaining contractual rent payments, which total approximately $12 million, plus additional operating costs. Such costs, depending on the amount and timing of their determination, will impact our cash flow results. The actual amount and timing of the impairments and the cash outflows will depend on the outcome of negotiations with landlords and potential subtenants, and the timing of completion of lease decommission activities.

There are many factors that can affect our actual results which are discussed below and in the risk factors in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Some of the key risk factors include global macroeconomic conditions, the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business, business conditions of customers in challenged industries, the effect on demand for our products from customers which can and has resulted in higher levels of contraction than historical levels, and the ability of our customers to manage the current severe economic downturn.

We have not reconciled free cash flow guidance to net cash from operating activities for the full year 2020 because we do not provide guidance on the reconciling items between net cash from operating activities and free cash flow, as a result of the uncertainty regarding, and the potential variability of, these items. The actual amount of such reconciling items will have a significant impact on our free cash flow and, accordingly, a reconciliation of net cash from operating activities to free cash flow for the full year 2020 is not available without unreasonable effort.

Zendesk's estimates of share-based compensation and related expenses, amortization of purchased intangibles, acquisition-related expenses, weighted average shares outstanding, and free cash flow in future periods assume, among other things, the occurrence of no additional acquisitions, investments, or restructurings and no further revisions to share-based compensation and related expenses.

Annual revenue run rate was calculated by multiplying our revenue for the third quarter of 2020 by four. For more information about our revenue run rate, please see the "About Operating Metrics" section at the back of this press release.

Shareholder Letter and Conference Call Information

The detailed Shareholder Letter is available at https://investor.zendesk.com and Zendesk will host a live video webcast at 2:00 p.m. Pacific Time (5:00 p.m. Eastern Time) on Thursday, October 29, 2020 to discuss the results. The live video webcast can be accessed through Zendesk's investor relations website at https://investor.zendesk.com. A replay of the webcast will be available for 12 months.

About Zendesk

Zendesk is a service-first CRM company that builds support, sales, and customer engagement software designed to foster better customer relationships. From large enterprises to startups, we believe that powerful, innovative customer experiences should be within reach for every company, no matter the size, industry or ambition. Zendesk serves more than 160,000 customers across a multitude of industries in over 30 languages. Zendesk is headquartered in San Francisco, and operates offices worldwide. Learn more at www.zendesk.com.

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements, including, among other things, statements regarding Zendesk's future financial performance, its continued investment to grow its business, and progress toward its long-term financial objectives. Words such as "may," "should," "will," "believe," "expect," "anticipate," "target," "project," and similar phrases that denote future expectation or intent regarding Zendesk's financial results, operations, and other matters are intended to identify forward-looking statements. You should not rely upon forward-looking statements as predictions of future events.

The outcome of the events described in these forward-looking statements is subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties, and other factors that may cause Zendesk's actual results, performance, or achievements to differ materially, including (i) the effect of uncertainties related to the COVID-19 pandemic on U.S. and global markets, Zendesk's business, operations, revenue results, cash flow, operating expenses, hiring, demand for its solutions, sales cycles, customer retention, and its customers' businesses and industries; (ii) other adverse changes in general economic or market conditions; (iii) Zendesk's ability to adapt its products to changing market dynamics and customer preferences or achieve increased market acceptance of its products; (iv) Zendesk's ability to effectively expand its sales capabilities; (v) Zendesk's substantial reliance on its customers renewing their subscriptions and purchasing additional subscriptions; (vi) Zendesk's expectation that the future growth rate of its revenues will decline, and that, as its costs increase, Zendesk may not be able to generate sufficient revenues to achieve or sustain profitability; (vii) the intensely competitive market in which Zendesk operates and the difficulty that Zendesk may have in competing effectively; (viii) Zendesk's ability to effectively market and sell its products to larger enterprises; (ix) Zendesk's ability to introduce and market new products and to support its products on a shared services platform; (x) Zendesk's ability to maintain and develop its strategic relationships with third parties; (xi) Zendesk's ability to prevent, mitigate, and respond effectively to both historical and future data breaches and to securely maintain customer data; (xii) Zendesk's ability to effectively manage its growth and organizational change, including its international expansion strategy; (xiii) Zendesk's ability to integrate acquired businesses and technologies successfully or achieve the expected benefits of such acquisitions; (xiv) Zendesk's ability to comply with privacy and data security regulations; (xv) potential service interruptions or performance problems associated with Zendesk's technology and infrastructure; (xvi) the development of the market for software as a service business software applications; (xvii) real or perceived errors, failures, or bugs in its products; (xviii) Zendesk's ability to accurately forecast expenditures on third-party managed hosting services; and (xix) the amount and timing of any determination of real estate impairments relating to expected lease abandonment matters.

The forward-looking statements contained in this press release are also subject to additional risks, uncertainties, and factors, including those more fully described in Zendesk's filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including its Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2020. Further information on potential risks that could affect actual results will be included in the subsequent periodic and current reports and other filings that Zendesk makes with the Securities and Exchange Commission from time to time, including its Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2020.

Forward-looking statements represent Zendesk's management's beliefs and assumptions only as of the date such statements are made. Zendesk undertakes no obligation to update any forward-looking statements made in this press release to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this press release or to reflect new information or the occurrence of unanticipated events, except as required by law.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

(In thousands, except per share data; unaudited)

 

 

Three Months Ended September 30,

 

Nine Months Ended September 30,

 

2020

 

2019

 

2020

 

2019

Revenue

$

261,926

 

 

$

210,477

 

 

$

746,066

 

 

$

586,545

 

Cost of revenue

 

62,819

 

 

 

59,210

 

 

 

184,036

 

 

 

172,534

 

Gross profit

 

199,107

 

 

 

151,267

 

 

 

562,030

 

 

 

414,011

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

64,842

 

 

 

54,528

 

 

 

184,266

 

 

 

151,829

 

Sales and marketing

 

123,737

 

 

 

99,303

 

 

 

369,442

 

 

 

285,750

 

General and administrative

 

38,854

 

 

 

32,864

 

 

 

109,427

 

 

 

107,135

 

Total operating expenses

 

227,433

 

 

 

186,695

 

 

 

663,135

 

 

 

544,714

 

Operating loss

 

(28,326

)

 

 

(35,428

)

 

 

(101,105

)

 

 

(130,703

)

Other income (expense), net:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest expense

 

(14,087

)

 

 

(6,727

)

 

 

(29,060

)

 

 

(19,885

)

Loss on early extinguishment of debt

 

?

 

 

 

?

 

 

 

(25,950

)

 

 

?

 

Interest and other income, net

 

3,683

 

 

 

7,567

 

 

 

12,750

 

 

 

17,764

 

Total other income (expense), net

 

(10,404

)

 

 

840

 

 

 

(42,260

)

 

 

(2,121

)

Loss before provision for (benefit from) income taxes

 

(38,730

)

 

 

(34,588

)

 

 

(143,365

)

 

 

(132,824

)

Provision for (benefit from) income taxes

 

1,973

 

 

 

(364

)

 

 

4,777

 

 

 

661

 

Net loss

$

(40,703

)

 

$

(34,224

)

 

$

(148,142

)

 

$

(133,485

)

Net loss per share, basic and diluted

$

(0.35

)

 

$

(0.31

)

 

$

(1.29

)

 

$

(1.21

)

Weighted-average shares used to compute net loss per share, basic and diluted

 

115,809

 

 

 

111,261

 

 

 

114,653

 

 

 

109,969

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(In thousands, except par value; unaudited)

 

 

September 30,
2020

 

December 31,
2019

Assets

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

$

383,318

 

 

$

196,591

 

Marketable securities

 

559,682

 

 

 

286,958

 

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $9,322 and $2,846 as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively

 

151,160

 

 

 

127,808

 

Deferred costs

 

44,722

 

 

 

35,619

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

50,047

 

 

 

45,847

 

Total current assets

 

1,188,929

 

 

 

692,823

 

Marketable securities, noncurrent

 

407,141

 

 

 

361,948

 

Property and equipment, net

 

102,098

 

 

 

102,090

 

Deferred costs, noncurrent

 

42,256

 

 

 

35,230

 

Lease right-of-use assets

 

89,477

 

 

 

89,983

 

Goodwill and intangible assets, net

 

199,607

 

 

 

206,883

 

Other assets

 

24,731

 

 

 

25,632

 

Total assets

$

2,054,239

 

 

$

1,514,589

 

Liabilities and stockholders' equity

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

Accounts payable

$

10,237

 

 

$

38,376

 

Accrued liabilities

 

33,720

 

 

 

36,347

 

Accrued compensation and related benefits

 

89,179

 

 

 

61,512

 

Deferred revenue

 

324,766

 

 

 

320,642

 

Lease liabilities

 

22,300

 

 

 

21,804

 

Convertible senior notes, net

 

130,615

 

 

 

?

 

Total current liabilities

 

610,817

 

 

 

478,681

 

Convertible senior notes, net

 

925,007

 

 

 

483,464

 

Deferred revenue, noncurrent

 

2,885

 

 

 

3,320

 

Lease liabilities, noncurrent

 

80,507

 

 

 

83,478

 

Other liabilities

 

4,904

 

 

 

7,662

 

Total liabilities

 

1,624,120

 

 

 

1,056,605

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders' equity:

 

 

 

Preferred stock, par value $0.01 per share

 

?

 

 

 

?

 

Common stock, par value $0.01 per share

 

1,164

 

 

 

1,130

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

1,273,242

 

 

 

1,155,044

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income

 

2,560

 

 

 

591

 

Accumulated deficit

 

(846,847

)

 

 

(698,781

)

Total stockholders' equity

 

430,119

 

 

 

457,984

 

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

$

2,054,239

 

 

$

1,514,589

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(In thousands; unaudited)

 

 

Three Months Ended September 30,

 

2020

 

2019

Cash flows from operating activities

 

 

 

Net loss

$

(40,703

)

 

$

(34,224

)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

10,613

 

 

 

10,091

 

Share-based compensation

 

46,263

 

 

 

38,650

 

Amortization of deferred costs

 

11,660

 

 

 

8,443

 

Amortization of debt discount and issuance costs

 

12,194

 

 

 

6,366

 

Other

 

988

 

 

 

112

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

(12,392

)

 

 

3,035

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

100

 

 

 

(1,843

)

Deferred costs

 

(18,976

)

 

 

(10,944

)

Lease right-of-use assets

 

5,225

 

 

 

4,915

 

Other assets and liabilities

 

(482

)

 

 

(2,401

)

Accounts payable

 

(3,193

)

 

 

1,258

 

Accrued liabilities

 

593

 

 

 

65

 

Accrued compensation and related benefits

 

14,463

 

 

 

(909

)

Deferred revenue

 

12,217

 

 

 

6,240

 

Lease liabilities

 

(5,175

)

 

 

(8,631

)

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

33,395

 

 

 

20,223

 

Cash flows from investing activities

 

 

 

Purchases of property and equipment

 

(3,931

)

 

 

(11,474

)

Internal-use software development costs

 

(4,618

)

 

 

(2,041

)

Purchases of marketable securities

 

(468,032

)

 

 

(103,883

)

Proceeds from maturities of marketable securities

 

89,493

 

 

 

45,875

 

Proceeds from sales of marketable securities

 

10,908

 

 

 

57,520

 

Proceeds from sales of strategic investments

 

1,577

 

 

 

?

 

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(374,603

)

 

 

(14,003

)

Cash flows from financing activities

 

 

 

Proceeds from exercises of employee stock options

 

15,489

 

 

 

8,767

 

Proceeds from employee stock purchase plan

 

9,996

 

 

 

7,747

 

Taxes paid related to net share settlement of share-based awards

 

(1,990

)

 

 

(2,323

)

Other

 

(610

)

 

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

22,885

 

 

 

14,191

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

206

 

 

 

19

 

Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

(318,117

)

 

 

20,430

 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period

 

704,116

 

 

 

173,381

 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period

$

385,999

 

 

$

193,811

 

Non-GAAP Results

(In thousands, except per share data)

The following table shows Zendesk's GAAP results reconciled to non-GAAP results included in this release.

 

 

Three Months Ended September 30,

 

Nine Months Ended September 30,

 

2020

 

2019

 

2020

 

2019

Reconciliation of gross profit and gross margin

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GAAP gross profit

$

199,107

 

 

$

151,267

 

 

$

562,030

 

 

$

414,011

 

Plus: Share-based compensation

 

4,831

 

 

 

5,397

 

 

 

15,077

 

 

 

15,580

 

Plus: Employer tax related to employee stock transactions

 

247

 

 

 

310

 

 

 

963

 

 

 

1,149

 

Plus: Amortization of purchased intangibles

 

1,525

 

 

 

2,065

 

 

 

5,249

 

 

 

5,626

 

Plus: Amortization of share-based compensation capitalized in internal-use software

 

460

 

 

 

438

 

 

 

1,375

 

 

 

1,272

 

Plus: Acquisition-related expenses

 

85

 

 

 

185

 

 

$

292

 

 

$

459

 

Non-GAAP gross profit

$

206,255

 

 

$

159,662

 

 

$

584,986

 

 

$

438,097

 

GAAP gross margin

 

76

%

 

 

72

%

 

 

75

%

 

 

71

%

Non-GAAP adjustments

 

3

%

 

 

4

%

 

 

3

%

 

 

4

%

Non-GAAP gross margin

 

79

%

 

 

76

%

 

 

78

%

 

 

75

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reconciliation of operating expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GAAP research and development

$

64,842

 

 

$

54,528

 

 

$

184,266

 

 

$

151,829

 

Less: Share-based compensation

 

(13,921

)

 

 

(12,169

)

 

 

(39,076

)

 

 

(35,717

)

Less: Employer tax related to employee stock transactions

 

(495

)

 

 

(634

)

 

 

(2,081

)

 

 

(2,856

)

Less: Acquisition-related expenses

 

(1,204

)

 

 

(973

)

 

 

(3,382

)

 

 

(2,404

)

Non-GAAP research and development

$

49,222

 

 

$

40,752

 

 

$

139,727

 

 

$

110,852

 

GAAP research and development as percentage of revenue

 

25

%

 

 

26

%

 

 

25

%

 

 

26

%

Non-GAAP research and development as percentage of revenue

 

19

%

 

 

19

%

 

 

19

%

 

 

19

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GAAP sales and marketing

$

123,737

 

 

$

99,303

 

 

$

369,442

 

 

$

285,750

 

Less: Share-based compensation

 

(19,335

)

 

 

(13,839

)

 

 

(53,467

)

 

 

(39,813

)

Less: Employer tax related to employee stock transactions

 

(860

)

 

 

(562

)

 

 

(2,923

)

 

 

(2,352

)

Less: Amortization of purchased intangibles

 

(671

)

 

 

(699

)

 

 

(2,041

)

 

 

(1,934

)

Less: Acquisition-related expenses

 

(55

)

 

 

(390

)

 

 

(1,146

)

 

 

(1,161

)

Non-GAAP sales and marketing

$

102,816

 

 

$

83,813

 

 

$

309,865

 

 

$

240,490

 

GAAP sales and marketing as percentage of revenue

 

47

%

 

 

47

%

 

 

50

%

 

 

49

%

Non-GAAP sales and marketing as percentage of revenue

 

39

%

 

 

40

%

 

 

42

%

 

 

41

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GAAP general and administrative

$

38,854

 

 

$

32,864

 

 

$

109,427

 

 

$

107,135

 

Less: Share-based compensation

 

(8,176

)

 

 

(7,244

)

 

 

(24,437

)

 

 

(27,948

)

Less: Employer tax related to employee stock transactions

 

(689

)

 

 

(470

)

 

 

(1,914

)

 

 

(1,788

)

Less: Acquisition-related expenses

 

(699

)

 

 

(628

)

 

 

(937

)

 

 

(5,618

)

Non-GAAP general and administrative

$

29,290

 

 

$

24,522

 

 

$

82,139

 

 

$

71,781

 

GAAP general and administrative as percentage of revenue

 

15

%

 

 

16

%

 

 

15

%

 

 

18

%

Non-GAAP general and administrative as percentage of revenue

 

11

%

 

 

12

%

 

 

11

%

 

 

12

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reconciliation of operating income (loss) and operating margin

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GAAP operating loss

$

(28,326

)

 

$

(35,428

)

 

$

(101,105

)

 

$

(130,703

)

Plus: Share-based compensation

 

46,263

 

 

 

38,649

 

 

 

132,057

 

 

 

119,058

 

Plus: Employer tax related to employee stock transactions

 

2,291

 

 

 

1,976

 

 

 

7,881

 

 

 

8,145

 

Plus: Amortization of purchased intangibles

 

2,196

 

 

 

2,764

 

 

 

7,290

 

 

 

7,560

 

Plus: Acquisition-related expenses

 

2,043

 

 

 

2,176

 

 

 

5,757

 

 

 

9,642

 

Plus: Amortization of share-based compensation capitalized in internal-use software

 

460

 

 

 

438

 

 

 

1,375

 

 

 

1,272

 

Non-GAAP operating income

$

24,927

 

 

$

10,575

 

 

$

53,255

 

 

$

14,974

 

GAAP operating margin

 

(11

)%

 

 

(17

)%

 

 

(14

)%

 

 

(22

)%

Non-GAAP adjustments

 

21

%

 

 

22

%

 

 

21

%

 

 

25

%

Non-GAAP operating margin

 

10

%

 

 

5

%

 

 

7

%

 

 

3

%

 

Three Months Ended September 30,

 

Nine Months Ended September 30,

 

2020

 

2019

 

2020

 

2019

Reconciliation of net income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GAAP net loss

$

(40,703

)

 

$

(34,224

)

 

$

(148,142

)

 

$

(133,485

)

Plus: Share-based compensation

 

46,263

 

 

 

38,649

 

 

 

132,057

 

 

 

119,058

 

Plus: Employer tax related to employee stock transactions

 

2,291

 

 

 

1,976

 

 

 

7,881

 

 

 

8,145

 

Plus: Amortization of purchased intangibles

 

2,196

 

 

 

2,764

 

 

 

7,290

 

 

 

7,560

 

Plus: Acquisition-related expenses

 

2,043

 

 

 

2,176

 

 

 

5,757

 

 

 

9,642

 

Plus: Amortization of share-based compensation capitalized in internal-use software

 

460

 

 

 

438

 

 

 

1,375

 

 

 

1,272

 

Plus: Amortization of debt discount and issuance costs

 

12,194

 

 

 

6,366

 

 

 

26,230

 

 

 

18,831

 

Plus: Loss on early extinguishment of debt

 

?

 

 

 

?

 

 

 

25,950

 

 

 

?

 

Less: Income tax effects and adjustments

 

(3,638

)

 

 

(4,098

)

 

 

(8,490

)

 

 

(5,594

)

Non-GAAP net income

$

21,106

 

 

$

14,047

 

 

$

49,908

 

 

$

25,429

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reconciliation of net income (loss) per share, basic

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GAAP net loss per share, basic

$

(0.35

)

 

$

(0.31

)

 

$

(1.29

)

 

$

(1.21

)

Non-GAAP adjustments to net loss

 

0.53

 

 

 

0.44

 

 

 

1.73

 

 

 

1.44

 

Non-GAAP net income per share, basic

$

0.18

 

 

$

0.13

 

 

$

0.44

 

 

$

0.23

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reconciliation of net income (loss) per share, diluted

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GAAP net loss per share, diluted

$

(0.35

)

 

$

(0.31

)

 

$

(1.29

)

 

$

(1.21

)

Non-GAAP adjustments to net loss

 

0.52

 

 

 

0.43

 

 

 

1.70

 

 

 

1.42

 

Non-GAAP net income per share, diluted

$

0.17

 

 

$

0.12

 

 

$

0.41

 

 

$

0.21

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted-average shares used in GAAP per share calculation, basic and diluted

 

115,809

 

 

 

111,261

 

 

 

114,653

 

 

 

109,969

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted-average shares used in non-GAAP per share calculation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

115,809

 

 

 

111,261

 

 

 

114,653

 

 

 

109,969

 

Diluted

 

121,369

 

 

 

119,689

 

 

 

120,635

 

 

 

118,750

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Computation of free cash flow

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

$

33,395

 

 

$

20,223

 

 

$

(19,929

)

 

$

57,050

 

Plus: repayment of convertible senior notes attributable to debt discount

 

?

 

 

 

?

 

 

 

38,637

 

 

 

?

 

Less: purchases of property and equipment

 

(3,931

)

 

 

(11,474

)

 

 

(19,489

)

 

 

(25,628

)

Less: internal-use software development costs

 

(4,618

)

 

 

(2,041

)

 

 

(10,901

)

 

 

(5,007

)

Free cash flow

$

24,846

 

 

$

6,708

 

 

$

(11,682

)

 

$

26,415

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities margin

 

13

%

 

 

10

%

 

 

(3

)%

 

 

10

%

Non-GAAP adjustments

 

(4

)%

 

 

(7

)%

 

 

1

%

 

 

(5

)%

Free cash flow margin

 

9

%

 

 

3

%

 

 

(2

)%

 

 

5

%

About Non-GAAP Financial Measures

To provide investors and others with additional information regarding Zendesk's results, the following non-GAAP financial measures were disclosed: non-GAAP gross profit and gross margin, non-GAAP operating expenses, non-GAAP operating income (loss) and operating margin, non-GAAP net income (loss), non-GAAP net income (loss) per share, basic and diluted, free cash flow, and free cash flow margin.

Specifically, Zendesk excludes the following from its historical and prospective non-GAAP financial measures, as applicable:

Share-Based Compensation and Amortization of Share-Based Compensation Capitalized in Internal-use Software: Zendesk utilizes share-based compensation to attract and retain employees. It is principally aimed at aligning their interests with those of its stockholders and at long-term retention, rather than to address operational performance for any particular period. As a result, share-based compensation expenses vary for reasons that are generally unrelated to financial and operational performance in any particular period.

Employer Tax Related to Employee Stock Transactions: Zendesk views the amount of employer taxes related to its employee stock transactions as an expense that is dependent on its stock price, employee exercise and other award disposition activity, and other factors that are beyond Zendesk's control. As a result, employer taxes related to its employee stock transactions vary for reasons that are generally unrelated to financial and operational performance in any particular period.

Amortization of Purchased Intangibles: Zendesk views amortization of purchased intangible assets, including the amortization of the cost associated with an acquired entity's developed technology, as items arising from pre-acquisition activities determined at the time of an acquisition. While these intangible assets are evaluated for impairment regularly, amortization of the cost of purchased intangibles is an expense that is not typically affected by operations during any particular period.

Acquisition-Related Expenses: Zendesk views acquisition-related expenses, such as transaction costs, integration costs, restructuring costs, and acquisition-related retention payments, including amortization of acquisition-related retention payments capitalized in internal-use software, as events that are not necessarily reflective of operational performance during a period. In particular, Zendesk believes the consideration of measures that exclude such expenses can assist in the comparison of operational performance in different periods which may or may not include such expenses.

Loss on Early Extinguishment of Debt: In March 2018, Zendesk issued $575 million aggregate principal amount of 0.25% convertible senior notes due in 2023 (the "2023 Notes"). In June 2020, Zendesk issued $1,150 million aggregate principal amount of 0.625% convertible senior notes due in 2025 (the "2025 Notes"). In connection with the offering of the 2025 Notes, Zendesk used $618 million of the net proceeds from the offering of the 2025 Notes to repurchase $426 million aggregate principal amount of the 2023 Notes in cash through individual privately negotiated transactions (the "2023 Notes Partial Repurchase"). Of the $618 million consideration, $393 million and $225 million were allocated to the debt and equity components, respectively. As of the repurchase date, the carrying value of the 2023 Notes subject to the 2023 Notes Partial Repurchase, net of unamortized debt discount and issuance costs, was $367 million. The 2023 Notes Partial Repurchase resulted in a $26 million loss on early debt extinguishment. As of September 30, 2020, $149 million of principal remains outstanding on the 2023 Notes. The loss on early extinguishment of debt is a non-cash item, and we believe the exclusion of this expense will provide for a more useful comparison of our operational performance in different periods.

Amortization of Debt Discount and Issuance Costs: The imputed interest rates of the 2023 Notes and the 2025 Notes were approximately 5.26% and 5.00%, respectively. This is a result of the debt discounts recorded for the conversion features of the Notes that are required to be separately accounted for as equity, and debt issuance costs, which reduce the carrying value of the convertible debt instruments. The debt discounts are amortized as interest expense together with the issuance costs of the debt. The expense for the amortization of debt discount and debt issuance costs is a non-cash item, and we believe the exclusion of this interest expense will provide for a more useful comparison of our operational performance in different periods.

Income Tax Effects: Zendesk utilizes a fixed long-term projected tax rate in its computation of non-GAAP income tax effects to provide better consistency across interim reporting periods. In projecting this long-term non-GAAP tax rate, Zendesk utilizes a financial projection that excludes the direct impact of other non-GAAP adjustments. The projected rate considers other factors such as Zendesk's current operating structure, existing tax positions in various jurisdictions, and key legislation in major jurisdictions where Zendesk operates. For the year ending December 31, 2020, Zendesk has determined the projected non-GAAP tax rate to be 21%. Zendesk will periodically re-evaluate this tax rate, as necessary, for significant events, based on relevant tax law changes, material changes in the forecasted geographic earnings mix, and any significant acquisitions.

Zendesk provides disclosures regarding its free cash flow, which is defined as net cash from operating activities, plus repayment of convertible senior notes attributable to debt discount, less purchases of property and equipment and internal-use software development costs. Free cash flow margin is calculated as free cash flow as a percentage of total revenue. Zendesk uses free cash flow, free cash flow margin, and other measures, to evaluate the ability of its operations to generate cash that is available for purposes other than capital expenditures and capitalized software development costs. Zendesk believes that information regarding free cash flow and free cash flow margin provides investors with an important perspective on the cash available to fund ongoing operations.

Zendesk has not reconciled free cash flow guidance to net cash from operating activities for the year ending December 31, 2020 because Zendesk does not provide guidance on the reconciling items between net cash from operating activities and free cash flow, as a result of the uncertainty regarding, and the potential variability of, these items. The actual amount of such reconciling items will have a significant impact on Zendesk's free cash flow and, accordingly, a reconciliation of net cash from operating activities to free cash flow for the year ending December 31, 2020 is not available without unreasonable effort.

Zendesk does not provide a reconciliation of its non-GAAP operating margin guidance to GAAP operating margin beyond the fiscal quarter ending December 31, 2020 because Zendesk does not provide guidance on the reconciling items between GAAP operating margin and non-GAAP operating margin for such periods, as a result of the uncertainty regarding, and the potential variability of, these items. The actual amount of such reconciling items will have a significant impact on Zendesk's non-GAAP operating margin and, accordingly, a reconciliation of GAAP operating margin to non-GAAP operating margin guidance for such periods is not available without unreasonable effort.

Zendesk's disclosures regarding its expectations for its non-GAAP gross margin include adjustments to its expectations for its GAAP gross margin that exclude share-based compensation and related expenses in Zendesk's cost of revenue, amortization of purchased intangibles primarily related to developed technology, and acquisition-related expenses. The share-based compensation and related expenses excluded due to such adjustments are primarily comprised of the share-based compensation and related expenses for employees associated with Zendesk's infrastructure and customer experience organization.

Zendesk does not provide a reconciliation of its non-GAAP gross margin guidance to GAAP gross margin for future periods because Zendesk does not provide guidance on the reconciling items between GAAP gross margin and non-GAAP gross margin, as a result of the uncertainty regarding, and the potential variability of, these items. The actual amount of such reconciling items will have a significant impact on Zendesk's non-GAAP gross margin and, accordingly, a reconciliation of GAAP gross margin to non-GAAP gross margin guidance for the period is not available without unreasonable effort.

Zendesk uses non-GAAP financial information to evaluate its ongoing operations and for internal planning and forecasting purposes. Zendesk's management does not itself, nor does it suggest that investors should, consider such non-GAAP financial measures in isolation from, or as a substitute for, financial information prepared in accordance with GAAP. Zendesk presents such non-GAAP financial measures in reporting its financial results to provide investors with an additional tool to evaluate Zendesk's operating results. Zendesk believes these non-GAAP financial measures are useful because they allow for greater transparency with respect to key metrics used by management in its financial and operational decision-making. This allows investors and others to better understand and evaluate Zendesk's operating results and future prospects in the same manner as management.

Zendesk's management believes it is useful for itself and investors to review, as applicable, both GAAP information that may include items such as share-based compensation and related expenses, amortization of debt discount and issuance costs, amortization of purchased intangibles, and acquisition-related expenses, and the non-GAAP measures that exclude such information in order to assess the performance of Zendesk's business and for planning and forecasting in subsequent periods. When Zendesk uses such a non-GAAP financial measure with respect to historical periods, it provides a reconciliation of the non-GAAP financial measure to the most closely comparable GAAP financial measure. When Zendesk uses such a non-GAAP financial measure in a forward-looking manner for future periods, and a reconciliation is not determinable without unreasonable effort, Zendesk provides the reconciling information that is determinable without unreasonable effort and identifies the information that would need to be added or subtracted from the non-GAAP measure to arrive at the most directly comparable GAAP measure. Investors are encouraged to review the related GAAP financial measures and the reconciliation of these non-GAAP financial measures to their most directly comparable GAAP financial measure as detailed above.

About Operating Metrics

Zendesk reviews a number of operating metrics to evaluate its business, measure performance, identify trends, formulate business plans, and make strategic decisions. These include the number of paid customer accounts on Zendesk Support, Zendesk Chat, and its other products, dollar-based net expansion rate, annual recurring revenue represented by its churned customers, and the percentage of its annual recurring revenue from Support originating from customers with 100 or more agents on Support.

Zendesk defines the number of paid customer accounts at the end of any particular period as the sum of (i) the number of accounts on Support, exclusive of its legacy Starter plan, free trials, or other free services, (ii) the number of accounts using Chat, exclusive of free trials or other free services, and (iii) the number of accounts on all of its other products, exclusive of free trials and other free services, each as of the end of the period and as identified by a unique account identifier. In the quarter ended June 30, 2018, Zendesk began to offer an omnichannel subscription which provides access to multiple products through a single paid customer account, Zendesk Suite, and in the quarter ended June 30, 2019, Zendesk began to offer a subscription which provides access to Sell and Support through a single paid customer account, Zendesk Duet. In the quarter ended March 31, 2020, Zendesk began to offer two new omnichannel subscriptions, the Zendesk Support Suite and the Zendesk Sell Suite, which provide access to multiple support solutions and sales solutions, respectively, through a single paid customer account. The number of Support Suite paid customer accounts are included in the number of paid customer accounts on Suite, which are included in the number of paid customer accounts on products other than Support and Chat and are not included in the number of paid customer accounts on Support or Chat. The number of Sell Suite paid customer accounts are included in the number of paid customer accounts on products other than Support and Chat and are not included in the number of paid customer accounts on Support or Chat. Each Duet paid customer account is included once in the number of paid customer accounts on Support and once in the number of paid customer accounts on products other than Support and Chat.

Existing customers may also expand their utilization of Zendesk's products by adding new accounts and a single consolidated organization or customer may have multiple accounts across each of Zendesk's products to service separate subsidiaries, divisions, or work processes. Other than usage of Zendesk's products through its omnichannel subscription offering, each of these accounts is also treated as a separate paid customer account.

Zendesk's dollar-based net expansion rate provides a measurement of its ability to increase revenue across its existing customer base through expansion of authorized agents associated with a paid customer account, upgrades in subscription plans, and the purchase of additional products as offset by churn, contraction in authorized agents associated with a paid customer account, and downgrades in subscription plans. Zendesk's dollar-based net expansion rate is based upon annual recurring revenue for a set of paid customer accounts on its products. Zendesk determines the annual recurring revenue value of a contract by multiplying the monthly recurring revenue for such contract by twelve.

Monthly recurring revenue for a paid customer account is a legal and contractual determination made by assessing the contractual terms of each paid customer account, as of the date of determination, as to the revenue Zendesk expects to generate in the next monthly period for that paid customer account, assuming no changes to the subscription and without taking into account any platform usage above the subscription base, if any, that may be applicable to such subscription. Beginning with the quarter ended June 30, 2019, we excluded the impact of revenue that we expect to generate from fixed-term contracts that are each associated with an existing account, are solely for additional temporary agents, and are not contemplated to last for the duration of the primary contract for the existing account from our determination of monthly recurring revenue. Monthly recurring revenue is not determined by reference to historical revenue, deferred revenue, or any other GAAP financial measure over any period. It is forward-looking and contractually derived as of the date of determination.

Zendesk calculates its dollar-based net expansion rate by dividing the retained revenue net of contraction and churn by Zendesk's base revenue. Zendesk defines its base revenue as the aggregate annual recurring revenue across its products for customers with paid customer accounts as of the date one year prior to the date of calculation. Zendesk defines the retained revenue net of contraction and churn as the aggregate annual recurring revenue across its products for the same customer base included in the measure of base revenue at the end of the annual period being measured. The dollar-based net expansion rate is also adjusted to eliminate the effect of certain activities that Zendesk identifies involving the consolidation of customer accounts or the split of a single paid customer account into multiple paid customer accounts. In addition, the dollar-based net expansion rate is adjusted to include paid customer accounts in the customer base used to determine retained revenue net of contraction and churn that share common corporate information with customers in the customer base that are used to determine the base revenue. Giving effect to this consolidation results in Zendesk's dollar-based net expansion rate being calculated across approximately 111,000 customers, as compared to the approximately 169,600 total paid customer accounts as of September 30, 2020.

To the extent that Zendesk can determine that the underlying customers do not share common corporate information, Zendesk does not aggregate paid customer accounts associated with reseller and other similar channel arrangements for the purposes of determining its dollar-based net expansion rate.

Zendesk does not currently incorporate operating metrics associated with its legacy analytics product, its legacy Outbound product, its legacy Starter plan, Sell, Sunshine Conversations, its legacy Smooch product, free trials, or other free services into its measurement of dollar-based net expansion rate.

For a more detailed description of how Zendesk calculates its dollar-based net expansion rate, please refer to Zendesk's periodic reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

Zendesk's percentage of annual recurring revenue from Support that is generated by customers with 100 or more agents on Support is determined by dividing the annual recurring revenue from Support for paid customer accounts with 100 or more agents on Support as of the measurement date by the annual recurring revenue from Support for all paid customer accounts on Support as of the measurement date. Zendesk determines the customers with 100 or more agents on Support as of the measurement date based on the number of activated agents on Support at the measurement date and includes adjustments to aggregate paid customer accounts that share common corporate information. For the purpose of determining this metric, Zendesk builds an estimation of the proportion of annual recurring revenue from Suite attributable to Support and includes such portion in the annual recurring revenue from Support.

Zendesk does not currently incorporate operating metrics associated with products other than Support into its measurement of the percentage of annual recurring revenue from Support that is generated by customers with 100 or more agents on Support.

Zendesk determines its bookings as the annual recurring revenue from contracts that were entered into during the referenced fiscal quarter, either with new customers or for additional products and services with existing customers.

Zendesk's annual revenue run rate is based on its revenue for the most recent applicable quarter. Zendesk annualizes such results to estimate its annual revenue run rate by multiplying the revenue for its most recent applicable quarter by four. Zendesk's annual revenue run rate is not a comprehensive statement of its financial results for such period and should not be viewed as a substitute for full annual or interim financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP. In addition, Zendesk's revenue for the most recent applicable quarter or annual revenue run rate are not necessarily indicative of the results to be achieved in any future period.

Source: Zendesk, Inc.


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