Le Lézard
Classified in: Health, Sports and recreation
Subject: SVY

Researchers Find Symptoms of Sports-Related Concussions Linger Twice as Long for Adolescent Girls



CHICAGO, Oct. 2, 2017 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Adolescent female athletes suffer concussion symptoms twice as long as their male counterparts, according to a new study in The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association. Researchers found the extended recovery period may be due to underlying conditions including migraines, depression, anxiety and stress.

American Osteopathic Association logo

The research analyzed the medical records of 110 male and 102 female athletes, ages 11 to 18, with first-time concussion diagnoses. The median duration of symptoms was 11 days for boys and 28 days for girls. The data also showed that symptoms resolved within three weeks for 75 percent of boys, compared to 42 percent of girls.

"These findings confirm what many in sports medicine have believed for some time," said lead researcher John Neidecker, DO, a sports concussion specialist in Raleigh, North Carolina. "It highlights the need to take a whole person approach to managing concussions, looking beyond the injury to understand the mental and emotional impacts on recovery when symptoms persist."

Prior research has shown that concussions exacerbate some pre-existing conditions, including headaches, depression, anxiety and stress, all of which are more prevalent in girls and mirror hallmark concussion symptoms, according to a consensus statement from the 5th International Conference on Concussion.

Treating the right condition

Understanding the overlap of symptoms means physicians must be skilled at eliciting patient history to get a full understanding of factors that might complicate recovery.

"Often in this age range, issues like migraines, depression and anxiety have not yet been diagnosed," said Dr. Neidecker. "So, if I ask a patient whether they have one of these conditions, they're likely to say 'No'.  But when I ask about their experiences, I get a much clearer picture."

Dr. Neidecker gives an example of a patient with no history of migraines who admitted experiencing weekly headaches prior to the head injury. She thought the headaches were normal, but in fact the patient was suffering from migraines.

He uses a similar approach to uncovering anxiety, mental stress and depression, and says diagnosis is tricky because adolescence is inherently emotional and stressful. To better understand the patient, he recommends asking young athletes whether they are hard on themselves or feel bad about not performing their best.

Patients with Type A personality traits typically have a baseline level of stress about the need to perform and become more stressed when they cannot, Dr. Neidecker explained. Losing the physical outlet of sport for managing their stress compounds the issue during the recovery period.

"It can really become a vicious cycle for some of these kids," said Dr. Neidecker. "Uncovering and addressing any underlying conditions gets them back on the field faster and ultimately helps them be  healthier and happier in the future."

The study is available on The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association

About The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association (JAOA) is the official scientific publication of the American Osteopathic Association. Edited by Robert Orenstein, DO, it is the premier scholarly peer-reviewed publication of the osteopathic medical profession. The JAOA's mission is to advance medicine through the publication of peer-reviewed osteopathic research.

 

SOURCE American Osteopathic Association


These press releases may also interest you

at 10:00
LOS ANGELES, Oct. 20, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- New Directions for Veterans (NDVets), a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization that provides comprehensive housing and development services to homeless and at-risk veterans, announced today the organization will...

at 10:00
HONOLULU, Oct. 20, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- Cardax, Inc. (OTCQB:CDXI) announced today that it has entered into a mutual exclusivity agreement with General Nutrition Corporation ("GNC") for ZanthoSyn, the Company's premium astaxanthin dietary supplement...

at 09:58
MIAMI, Oct. 20, 2017 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Adults likely do not develop ADHD, according to new research by FIU clinical psychologist Margaret Sibley. More than 80 percent of people diagnosed with adult-onset ADHD probably don't have ADHD at...

at 09:54
EXTON, Pa., Oct. 20, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- At approximately three months post-launch, one-third of sampled rheumatologists (n=102) report use of Orencia for the treatment of psoriatic arthritis (PsA), a figure that is expected to climb to nearly 90%...

at 09:47
Concordia is seeking to reduce its existing secured and unsecured debt obligations by more than $2 billion, while significantly reducing its annual interest expense (the "Proposed Recapitalization Transaction") Canada Business Corporations Act (the...

at 09:45
DUBLIN, October 20, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- The "Global Vascular Imaging Market 2017-2021" report has been added to Research and Markets' offering. The global vascular imaging market is forecast to grow at a CAGR of 6.18% during the period...




News published on 2 october 2017 at 09:00 and distributed by: